Dysarthria is difficulty speaking caused by brain damage or brain changes later in life.
Symptoms of dysarthria or adult with dysarthria may have: slurred, nasal sounding or breathy speech a strained and hoarse voice very loud or quiet speech problems speaking in a regular rhythm, with frequent hesitations gurgly or monotone speech difficulty with tongue and lip movements difficulty swallowing dysphagiawhich may lead to constant drooling As a result of these problems, a person with dysarthria may be difficult to understand.
In some cases, they may only be able to produce short phrases, single words or no intelligible speech at all.
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Dysarthria does not affect intelligence or understanding, but a person with the condition may also have problems in these areas. Speech problems can also affect social interaction, employment and education. If you or your child has dysarthria, you may find it helpful to see a speech and language therapist SLT. Ask perrson GP about your nearest speech and language therapy clinic.
What causes dysarthria? The muscles used for speech are controlled by the brain and nervous system.
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Dysarthria can develop if either of these is damaged in some way. Dysarthria can either be: developmental — when it occurs as a result of brain damage before or during birth, such as in cerebral palsy acquired — when it occurs as the result of brain changes later in wrbsite, such as damage caused by a strokesevere head injury or brain tumouror a progressive condition such as Parkinson's disease or motor neurone disease Dysarthria in children is usually developmental, while dysarthria in adults is often persob, although both types can affect people of any age.
Whether dysarthria will improve with speech and language therapy depends on the cause and the extent of the brain damage or dysfunction. Some causes remain stable, while others may worsen over time.
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Diagnosing dysarthria Speech and language therapists can carry out an assessment to determine the extent of the speech problem. Treating dysarthria A speech and language therapist will work as part of a team of healthcare professionals that includes people atlking the health, social and voluntary sector. For some people, these devices can be used alongside or instead of speech to help them communicate.
See your local speech and language therapist if you're interested in having an assessment. They'll be able to provide further information and advice about arranging an assessment and trial of a communication aid. There's no guarantee that speech and language therapy can improve the wwebsite of everyone with dysarthria. Communication tips The following advice may help you communicate more effectively if you've got dysarthria or if you're communicating with someone with the condition.